Surveillance and Control
The Warren County Mosquito Commission employs Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in its approach to mosquito control. The goal of IPM as it pertains to mosquito control is to reduce mosquito populations to acceptable levels for both health & quality of life through the use of environmentally & economically sound multi-disciplinary practices.
Elements of IPM include:
- Exclusion/Mechanical Control
- Habitat Management (source reduction)
- Biological Control (use of predatory fish or other predacious organisms)
- Insecticides (for controlling the immature, water-borne stages of the mosquito and for adult mosquito control)
The New Jersey Mosquito Control Association is a partner with the United States Environmental Protection Agencies "Pesticide Environmental Stewardship Program (PESP)." A "Partnership Strategy Document" http://www.njmca.org/files/PESP.pdf was developed and approved for membership in this national program, outlining New Jersey's approach to comprehensive and responsible mosquito control. The Warren County Mosquito Commission adheres to this strategy document as it applies to the mosquito habitat and environmental conditions in the northwestern part of New Jersey where Warren County is located.
What is Integrated Pest Management?
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) as it pertains to organized mosquito control can be defined as: An effective and environmentally sensitive approach used to manage mosquitoes, relying upon a combination of scientific knowledge and common sense.
The practice of an integrated mosquito control program requires that a number of parameters must be included in the decision making process, including:
- Current, comprehensive informaion about the life cycles of the numerous mosquito species inhabiting a given area, and the interaction of those mosquitoes with people, other animals and the surrounding environment.
- A knowledge of mosquito Best Management Practices (BMP's), including but not limited to source reduction, mosquito habitat modification and the use of biological and/or chemical products to control larval and adult mosquitoes.
- Mosquito control decisions based upon surveillance results, habitat inspections and a rigorous sanitation program.
- A strong educational component for staff members and the community at large that emphasizes the elimination of potential sources of public health nuisances and possible disease transmission.
Applying this knowledge to effectively control mosquitoes by the most professionally effective, economically viable methodology while also minimizing the potential for negative impact on people, other organisms and the environment with adherence to and compliance with all applicable Federal laws, State statutes and local codes and ordinances.